10Am I now seeking human approval, or God's approval? Or am I trying to please people? If I were still pleasing people, I would not be a servant of Christ.
II. (3-4) Paul's defense of his Gospel message
III. (5-6) Implications of the Gospel for daily living
16Live by the Spirit, I say, and do not gratify the desires of the flesh. 17For what the flesh desires is opposed to each other, to prevent you from doing what you want. 18But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not subject to the law. 19Now the works of the flesh are obvious: fornication, impurity, licentiousness, 20idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, anger, quarrels, dissensions, factions, 21envy, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these. I am warning you, as I warned you before: those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.
22By contrast, the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, 23gentleness, and self-control. There is no law against such things. 24And those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.
17From now on, let no one make trouble for me; for I carry the marks of Jesus branded on my body.
18May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit, brothers and sisters. Amen.
*Scripture translation is the New Revised Standard Version. The color code is as follows: Core element of section; expansion element from Christian tradition; additional expansion element.
Also note the third expression of this foundational
principle in 5:25.
In the paranetical section (5:1-6:10), the principle of freedom leading to the Holy Spirit's guidance is stated as a foundation principle for each of the three subsections: 5:1,2-12; 5:13,14-24; 5:25,26-6:10. Each section advances the issue from freedom from legalism (5:1-12), to genuine servanthood through the Holy Spirit (5:13-24), to how the Spirit's help is implemented in interpersonal relations and self-awareness (5:25-6:10). This section (5:1-6:10) answers the Judaizers charge that a gospel of grace leads to an immoral lifestyle, and constitutes Paul's third argument in the body of the letter.