13.0  A Legacy of Israel: Wise Men and Psalm Singers

Last revised: 11/20/01

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13.1 Wise Men and Wisdom Literature
13.1.1 Wise Men and Their Work Wisdom in the Ancient Near East Wisdom in Israel
13.1.2 Wisdom Books Proverbs The wise man's purpose (Prov. 1:1-7) The way to the good life (Prov. 1:8-9:18) Son, listen to your elders (Prov. 1:8-19) Wisdom's sermon to the simple (Prov. 1:20-33) Son, listen to wisdom (Prov. 2:1-22) Son, let the Lord lead you (Prov. 3:1-35) Son, get wisdom and insight (Prov. 4:1-27) Son, beware of that wild woman (Prov. 5:1-22) Son, remember four important things (Prov. 6:1-19) Son, wisdom will keep you safe from wicked women (Prov. 6:20-35) Son, let's talk some more about wicked women (Prov. 7:1-27) Wisdom's sermon to humanity (Prov. 8:1-36) The two ways: The wise and the foolish (Prov. 9:1-18) The "Proverbs of Solomon" (Prov. 10:1-22:16) The Book of thirty Sayings (Prov. 22:17-24:22) More "Proverbs of Solomon" (Prov. 25:1-29:27) The words of Agur (Prov. 30:1-33) The words of Lemuel (Prov. 31:1-31) Job: When Orthodoxy Fails The structure of the book Who wrote Job, and when was it written? Some things one needs to know to help in understanding Job The Book Job, the righteous man: the prose story (Job 1:1-2:13) Job, the frustrated sufferer: The poetic discourse (Job 3:1-42:6) Job's complaint (Job 3:1-26) The debate: Round one (Job 4:1-14:22) Eliphaz, the man who has visions (Job 4:1-5:27) Job to Eliphaz: Round one (Job 6:1-7:21) Bildad, the traditionalist (Job 8:1-22) Job to Bildad: Round one (Job 9:1-10:22) Zophar, God's right-hand man (Job 11:1-20) Job to Zophar: Round one (Job 12:1-14:22) The debate: Round two (Job 15:1-21:34) Eliphaz speaks again (Job 15:1-35) Job lambasts his friends and questions God (Job 16:1-17:16) Bildad plays the same record (Job 18:1-21) Job reaches the bottom (Job 19:1-29) Zophar knows the answer (Job 20:1-29) Job replies to Zophar: Round two (Job 21:1-34) The debate: Round three (Job 22:1-27:23) Eliphaz gets nasty (Job 22:1-30) Job searches for God (Job 23:1-24:25) Bildad contrasts God and man (Job 25:1-6) Job replies to Bildad (Job 26:1-4) The continuation of Bildad's speech on God and man (Job 26:5-14) Job ends his part of the debate (Job 27:1-12) Zophar again? (Job 27:13-23) The wisdom poem (Job 28:1-28) Job presents his case (Job 29:1-31:40) The Elihu speeches (Job 32:1-37:24) The divine speeches (Job 38:1-41:34) Job's submission (Job 42:1-6) The traditional ending of the story (Job 42:7-17) Job: A summary Ecclesiastes: Skeptical Wisdom Vanity of vanities (Eccl. 1:1-2:26) "For everything there is a season" (Eccl. 3:1-15) The question of justice (Eccl. 3:16-4:4) The futility of working alone (Eccl. 4:5-16) Do not fool around with God (Eccl. 5:1-7) Life has problems (Eccl. 5:8-6:12) Thinking about life (Eccl. 7:1-8:1) Watch out for the ruler (Eccl. 8:2-9) There is no justice in life (Eccl. 8:10-9:12) Wisdom and foolishness (Eccl. 9:13-10:20) The actions of the wise (Eccl. 11:1-6) Advice to the young (Eccl. 11:7-12:8) The end of it all (Eccl. 12:9-14)

13.2 The Sweet Singers of Israel
13.2.1 The Song of Songs The Nature of the Book Interpretations of the Book A Look in the Book The bride is prepared for her lover (Song 1:1-6) The bride and the groom together (Song 1:7-2:5) The bride's memories of love (Song 2:6-17) The bride has a bad dream (Song 3:1-5) The king's wedding procession (Song 4:1-5:1) The bride has another dream (Song 5:2-6:3) The groom describes the bride (Song 6:4-10) An invitation to dance (Song 6:11-7:9) The bride invites the groom to a garden tryst (Song 7:10-13) A poem in anticipation of the wedding (Song 8:1-4) Please be faithful (Song 8:5-12) A final call (Song 8:13-14

13.2.2 The Book of Psalms Who Wrote the Psalms, and When Were They Written? The Study of the Psalms Hymns Communal laments Individual laments Individual songs of thanksgiving The royal psalms The other psalms A Look at Selected Psalms Psalm 1 (a wisdom psalm) Psalm 8 (a hymn on the glory of the Lord and the dignity of humanity) Psalm 117 (a short hymn) Psalm 74 (a communal lament) Psalm 22 (an individual lament) Psalm 23 (a psalm of confidence) Psalm 51 (an individual lament) Psalm 32 (an individual song of thanksgiving) Psalm 116 (an individual song of thanksgiving) Psalm 45 (a royal psalm) Psalm 139 (a lament of the individual) Special groups of psalms The vengeance psalms Summary on the Psalms

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